The Bitcoin Halving: Catalyst for Crypto Evolution?

Umbria Network
4 min readMar 21, 2024


Photo by Kanchanara on Unsplash

The Bitcoin halving event occurs roughly every four years and estimates now have it scheduled for Monday, April 15th (sooner than previously anticipated due to increased activity).

The halving is a fundamental mechanism ingrained in the cryptocurrency’s protocol. It is a pivotal moment that reduces the reward miners receive for validating transactions by — you guessed it — half. The reduction in the rate of new Bitcoin issuance serves as a built-in scarcity feature, which in turn influences the crypto’s value dynamics. While the direct impact of halving is primarily felt within the Bitcoin ecosystem, its strong ripple effects extend far beyond, influencing the broader crypto landscape.

Bitcoin’s Halving Dynamics

Bitcoin’s design is inherently deflationary, with a maximum supply capped at 21 million coins. At time of writing there are 1,339,712.5 BTC left to be mined.

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The halving mechanism ensures a gradual reduction in the rate of new supply entering circulation. As the supply diminishes, basic economic principles dictate that if demand remains constant or increases, the price is likely to rise. This scarcity-driven appreciation often attracts investors seeking to hedge against inflation or store value.

Impact on Altcoins

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The significance of Bitcoin’s halving extends beyond its native ecosystem. It affects the entire cryptocurrency market. Altcoins, aka alternative cryptocurrencies, often experience price fluctuations in response to Bitcoin’s movements. The reasoning behind this positive correlation lies in the interconnectedness of cryptocurrency markets and Bitcoin’s position as the market leader and benchmark. It is the digital gold to Ethereum’s silver.

On a side note both the ‘number twos’ (Ethereum and silver) are the racier of the pairs and usually go up faster and further and conversely come down quicker and deeper than their golden counterparts (read more here).

During the lead-up to a halving event, heightened anticipation and speculation surrounds Bitcoin, leading to increased market activity and investor attention. As Bitcoin’s price experiences volatility, it sets a precedent for altcoins, influencing trader sentiment and market trends. Consequently, altcoins may also witness price fluctuations, albeit to varying degrees. People often look to diversify their crypto portfolios and/or gain exposure in the run up with a crypto asset that has more potential upside.

Market Sentiment and Confidence

Bitcoin halving events serve as litmus tests for the broader cryptocurrency market’s sentiment and confidence. A successful halving, characterized by a smooth transition and sustained price appreciation, instills confidence among investors, reinforcing the narrative of Bitcoin’s resilience and longevity. This positive sentiment often translates into increased interest and investment across the cryptocurrency spectrum, buoying the prices of altcoins as well.

However, any uncertainty or turbulence surrounding a halving event can trigger market jitters and volatility. Fears of miner capitulation, where miners operating at the margin are forced to exit due to decreased profitability, may lead to short-term selling pressure. Such scenarios can cast a shadow of doubt on the viability of cryptocurrency investments, dampening investor enthusiasm and affecting altcoin prices negatively.

Technological Innovation and Competition

Bitcoin’s halving events not only impact market dynamics but also catalyse technological innovation and competition within the cryptocurrency space. In response to Bitcoin’s scalability and energy consumption challenges, alternative blockchain projects and cryptocurrencies have emerged, offering innovative solutions and features.

Altcoins often differentiate themselves through unique value propositions, such as faster transaction speeds, enhanced privacy features, or smart contract functionalities. Consequently, Bitcoin’s halving events serve as catalysts for altcoin developers and communities to showcase their projects’ capabilities and compete for market share. This competitive landscape fosters a culture of innovation and drives advancements in blockchain technology, benefiting the entire cryptocurrency ecosystem.

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What might we expect from 2024’s halving?

Recent observations from cryptocurrency market commentators provide additional context to the dynamics surrounding Bitcoin’s halving events. Clem Chambers highlights that the nascent nature of cryptocurrency markets means that they are not perfectly random so technical analysis can be useful. With this in mind, projections based on past performance (the previous three Bitcoin halving events have been bullish drivers and BTC’s price has remained significantly up 150 days following each), suggest Bitcoin could be propelled to $120,000 following the 2024 halving.

Whilst Forbes Advisor recently reported that Geoff Kendrick, head of crypto research at Standard Chartered Bank, believes Bitcoin’s price is set to hit $100,000 by the end of this year.

While these projections offer potential roadmaps for investors and holders, they are not guarantees of future performance. Nonetheless, the anticipation surrounding the halving event often leads to increased market activity and price volatility. Indeed Bitcoin reached an all-time high price of $73,794 on March 14, 2024.

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